LANDSCAPE, PORTRAIT, or SQUARE are the usual choices of orientation when you start to paint a picture.

‘AMALFI’ by Colin Ruffell  [OAR100132]

‘AMALFI’ by Colin Ruffell [OAR100132]


Obviously ‘landscape’ is called that because that is the normal format for everyday views that are wider than high. Our eyes are set apart side by side and not one above the other at a ratio of roughly 2.5 units wide to 1 unit high. So that is our normal visual field. Our brains understand that ratio and can read the whole picture in one go if it is two point five by one.